Kaua'i or Kauai, known as Taua'i in the ancient Kaua'i dialect, is geologically the oldest of the main Hawaiian Islands. With an area of 562.3 square miles (1,456.4 km2), it is the fourth largest of the main islands in the Hawaiian archipelago, and the 21st largest island in the United States. Known also as the "Garden Isle", Kaua'i lies 105 miles (169 km) across the Kaua'i Channel, northwest of O?ahu. This island is the site of Waimea Canyon State Park.
"Kaua'i's origins are volcanic, the island having been formed by the passage of the Pacific plate over the Hawaii hotspot. At approximately six million years old, it is the oldest of the main islands. The highest peak on this mountainous island is Kawaikini at 5,243 feet (1,598 m). The second highest peak is Mount Wai'ale'ale near the center of the island, 5,148 feet (1,569 m) above sea level. One of the wettest spots on earth, with an annual average rainfall of 460 inches (1,200 cm), is located on the east side of Mount Wai'ale'ale. The high annual rainfall has eroded deep valleys in the central mountains, carving out canyons with many scenic waterfalls. On the west side of the island, Waimea town is located at the mouth of the Waimea River, whose flow formed Waimea Canyon, one of the world's most scenic canyons, and which is part of Waimea Canyon State Park. At 3,000 feet (914 m) deep, Waimea Canyon is often referred to as "The Grand Canyon of the Pacific". The Na Pali Coast is a center for recreation in a wild setting, including kayaking past the beaches, or hiking on the trail along the coastal cliffs." - Wikipedia
"Hawaii Standard Time is observed on Kaua'i year-round. During DST, for example, the time on Kaua'i is three hours behind the West Coast of the United States and six hours behind the East Coast.
The city of Lihu'e, on the island's southeast coast, is the seat of Kaua'i County and the second largest city on the island. Kapa'a, on the "Coconut Coast" (site of an old coconut plantation) about 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Lihu'e, has a population of nearly 10,000, or about 50% greater than Lihu'e. Waimea, once the capital of Kaua?i on the island's southwest side, was the first place in Hawai'i visited by British explorer Captain James Cook in 1778.
Kaua'i is home to thousands of wild chickens, who have few natural predators. Kaua'i's chickens originated from the original Polynesian settlers, who brought them as a food source. They have since bred with European chickens that have gotten free from farms and cock-fighting breeders.
The Kaua'i Heritage Center of Hawaiian Culture and the Arts was founded in 1998. Their mission is to nurture a greater sense of appreciation and respect for the Hawaiian culture. They offer classes in Hawaiian language, hula, lei and cordage making, the lunar calendar and chanting. Plus trips to cultural sites." - Wikipedia